All about 0-10V Control for LEDs
All about 0-10V Control for LEDs
0-10V is one of the primary and simplest analogue lighting control protocols, that was used as the first fluorescent lighting control system. It is a control that provides a voltage between the ranges from 0 to 10V DC to generate variable intensity levels.
This system first came into play when larger setups required a method to dim the lighting fixture using magnetic and electric ballasts conveniently. So that, all the lighting fixtures can be dimmed at a single time and the bulb was the only thing to replace when it comes to replacing the lights. The solution to this problem was 0-10V control and it was the low maintenance and low-cost option.
Such 0-10V dimming controllers are in use even today in various commercial applications for luminous lights and daylight sensor setups. But now, 0-10V controls are becoming well-known with modern technology in the world of lighting i.e. LED. This control has become the norm to control the dimming and is greatly accepted as one of the simplest lighting control and is identified by the IEC so that it is acceptable to engineers.
What is 0-10V control?
It is a method of lighting control that can give off light at different levels on intensity on DC or direct current voltage between 0 to 10 Volts. 0-10V is the basic dimming control system for lights offering a smooth and easy operation and changing the brightness from 10% to 1% and even below at 0.1% light level. This lighting control method offers different levels of light intensity based on the voltage on which it is set. In general, there are two famous standards for 0-10V lighting control including the current sinking and current sourcing.
It is an easy control method for LED lights that is simple to connect to your lighting fixtures and offers an adaptable lighting experience and ambience. As the intensity level varies with 0-10V dimmer control, you can easily create the right lighting in your room as per your mood and requirements. For instance, one can use 0-10V controls for LEDs to create a beautiful ambience for areas such as restaurants and bars.
How does 0-10V work?
It is a low voltage dimming procedure that operates in such a way that DC voltage is a control signal that varies between 0 and 10V. It is important to scale the output for the lighting systems that we want to control with 0-10V dimming so that at maximum 10V, the light will give its full output light and at 0 V, it must be at the dim level possible.
How to control 0-10V?
When using the current sourcing, the 0-10V controller will deliver voltage to the device and the light generally increases its output for you to have the full 100% light when the output is at a maximum, or 10V. While at 0V, you will have 0% output. It makes use of a 10V DC or ballast for current sinking. This controller operates by decreasing the returned voltage to the LED light fixture. The light will be fully bright at 10V and when no volts are returned, it will be minimal or zero.
What is a 0-10V controller?
0-10V controllers come with dimming features that provide the capability to turn on and off the lighting fixtures both fluorescents and LED lights. Many 0-10V controllers for LED lights come with a built-in line voltage or external voltage. Based on your needs and requirements, you can decide which 0-10V choice will work best for you. The 0-10V receiver or decoder is a single output device or module that allows PWM dimming within the range from 0 to 100%.
Where to use a 0-10V Dimming control?
First, 0-10V dimming was created as a standard way of regulating the fluorescent lighting fixtures with the help of light intensity regulating dimming ballasts. It is still in use today with fluorescent fixtures. With the development of LED technology in recent years, 0-10V control has modified to become a consistent and reliable dimming control procedure for LED and become increasingly famous.
Although, this system is usually utilized in homes, offices, and retail areas with LED fixtures that are compatible with dimming, 0-10V control characteristics are also utilized in high-end residential and outdoor commercial areas that need multipurpose ambience or lighting.
Advantages of 0-10V controls for LEDs
0-10V controls for LED lights enable you to generate the lighting effects according to your activity and mood using reliable technology. Using dimming in the LED lighting control system is the easiest way to greatly reduce power consumption. As LEDs are derived by current, when you dim the light, the power will reduce and your light fixture will work efficiently as a result. Utilizing reduced power will not only decrease your electricity bills but also increase the life of LED light.
It is essential to point out that some dimmer switches are designed in such a way that causes the light source to run continuously even if the dimmer is completely turned off. However, modern 0-10V dimmer control can fully turn off the light without any need for an extra switch, offering you complete control over lighting fixtures and electrical power.
In case your 0-10V controller doesn’t have such capability, you can install an additional switch or relay to prevent wastage of electricity and the burning of the light fixture. It will also save you on the cost of getting an additional switch.
0-10V control for LED light fixtures can be used in several different applications. It includes residential areas, commercial properties, and industrial buildings. If you are looking to use this control for multipurpose lighting, you will be surprised to know that it is a very effective control system that will fulfil all your needs.
Now we know that 0-10V is an amazing low voltage dimming method to regulate LED lights and is right for the market as LED lights keep on replacing other lighting fixtures. As LEDs are using 0-10V control systems it means that lots of commercial applications are already using them.